Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Amblyopia or lazy eye

Amblyopia or lazy eye is the most common disorder in children. It occurs when one eye is weaker than the other and the brain "shuts off" the weaker eye. Amblyopia may be caused by strabismus, or because one eye doesn't focus properly. Only an eye exam will detect it, because children can function well using just one eye.

Eyes continue to develop up to the age of about nine; it is important to be...gin treatment early (ideally before age six), because once the eyes mature, the condition is not reversible. Treatment may involve prescription of glasses, a combination of glasses and an eye patch, or just patching the strong eye to force the weaker eye to work harder. Surgery also may be necessary to mechanically realign the eyes.

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